The Scarcity and Creativity in Latitude 33 Studio emerged from an invitation by the Escuela de Arquitectura y Diseño (e[ad]) of the Catholic University of Valparaiso to make a contribution to their Open City project. The Open City is located 30 kilometres north of the port of Valparaiso, Chile, in a site of 275 hectares with 3 kilometres of Pacific coast. It is owned and run by the Amereida Cooperative, a part of e[ad] since 1970. Since then The Open City has been a site of architectural experimentation in which the design principles of e[ad] are materialised and evaluated.
The tasks of the Scarcity and Creativity in Latitude 33 Studio consisted in providing accommodation for three activities: dwelling, observing and reflecting, and preparing food and eating communally, and were divided into three phases:
1. Design phase
Proposals were developed by pairs of students, with the most promising passing onto the next development phase. In this manner the initial twelve projects were reduced to three in the final stage. In parallel to this selection process, the studio wanted to depersonalise design ownership of projects so that proposals were passed from one team to the other for further development. Before the trip to Chile each project was fully detailed, with complete material lists, and material costs so that they would not exceed the set budgets.
2. Construction phase
On arrival the e[ad] students proposed alternative sites for the three projects, which were discussed and decided on, and the logistics of setting up the construction process got underway as a joint effort by the e[ad] and AHO students.
3. Diffusion phase
The final phase consists of reflecting on the first two phases and producing an exhibition and publications which document the experience.
Endorsement and Financing
The work is endorsed by the Chilean Embassy in Norway and financed by the Research Center for Architecture and Tectonics at the Oslo School of Architecture, with contributions from AHO and by the SCIBE research project.